Seeking Political Office:
Candidates running for the U.S. House, Senate or the Presidency, " must register with the FEC once you (or persons acting on your behalf) receive contributions or make expenditures in excess of $5,000. Within 15 days of reaching that $5,000 threshold, you must file a Statement of Candidacy (FEC Form 2 [PDF]; Instructions [PDF]) authorizing a principal campaign committee to raise and spend funds on your behalf. Within 10 days of that filing, your principal campaign committee must submit a Statement of Organization (FEC Form 1 [PDF]; Instructions [PDF]). For additional information for new or incumbent campaigns, see this Record article on Preparing for the Next Election."
(Extracted from http://www.fec.gov/ans/answers_candidate.shtml)
Part of the nominating process to select a candidate to run for the Presidency of the United States of America involves Primaries, Caucuses, and National Conventions. A Primary is a state level election where registered voters of a particular political party select their candidate by secret ballot to run against a candidate selected by the opposing political party. A Caucus is a local gathering of registered voters who openly decide which candidate to select. Each state determines whether they will have a Primary or Caucus. The candidate with the most votes wins the delegates that will represent that state at their political party’s national convention. The delegates (who make up the Electoral College) cast their votes to determine who will become the next President of the United States.
Click here to view results from the latest Primaries, Caucuses, and Conventions.