The policy governing Reserves is based on the fair use provisions of the United States Copyright Act of 1976. Section 107 of the Copyright Act expressly permits the making of multiple copies for classroom use:
In determining fair use, four factors are considered:
Materials that do not require copyright permission include:
Materials that require copyright permission include:
The Fair Use Doctrine provides for the citing of copyrighted materials, including use of archival materials, without necessarily seeking permission. Central to Fair Use is the use of copyright protected materials in:
When using archival materials, "transformative" use often applies due to the processs of drawing upon, quoting, and citing letters, memoranda, reports, and other documents in research papers. In such cases, you are fairly using original and primary sources.