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The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
The 2010-2011 Text-In-Community selection of North Carolina A& T State University.
Henrietta Lacks died in 1951 of an aggressive adenocarcinoma of the cervix. A tissue biopsy obtained for diagnostic evaluation yielded additional tissue for Dr George O. Gey's tissue culture laboratory at Johns Hopkins (Baltimore, Maryland). The cancer cells, now called HeLa cells, grew rapidly in cell culture and became the first human cell line. HeLa cells were used by researchers around the world. However, 20 years after Henrietta Lacks' death, mounting evidence suggested that HeLa cells contaminated and overgrew other cell lines. Cultures, supposedly of tissues such as breast cancer or mouse, proved to be HeLa cells. We describe the history behind the development of HeLa cells, including the first published description of Ms Lacks' autopsy, and the cell culture contamination that resulted. The debate over cell culture contamination began in the 1970s and was not harmonious. Ultimately, the problem was not resolved and it continues today. Finally, we discuss the philosophical implications of the immortal HeLa cell line.
Below are varying select articles from various disciplines. You may need to log into the library website to fully access an article.
"Skloot’s history of HeLa and Henrietta interweaves biomedical science, biomedical ethics, race, class, and culture in a metanarrative structured around personal encounters with Lacks’s family members that made her book possible and that became its raison d’etre." ~Author David Tanner
"Part of Skloot’s achievement is to show this struggle for understanding in all its colors, to suggest its comedy but also its dignity, and the profound difference it makes when at last the Lackses are addressed with utter honesty and in a spirit of simple humility." ~ Author, Robert Roper