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MLA Walkthrough

Other sources

There are plenty of other good sources for examples of how to do your references at the end of your paper. Visit some of these sites for more information:

Works Cited List / Bibliography

The thing most people think about when they're talking about citations is the Bibliography or List of Works Cited at the end of your paper.

The list should:

  • List every item that you made an in-text parenthetical citation for in the paper
  • Be in alphabetical order
  • Be formatted with hanging indents - where the first line sticks out and the rest is indented - on each entry
    • Word will let you make "hanging indentations" using the paragraph dialog box (the little mark next to Paragraph on the Home tab) in the section labeled "Indentation - Special:" by changing the menu that says "(none)" to "Hanging"
  • Say "Works Cited" at the top so it's clearly labeled (unless your professor wants you to call it something else!)
  • Be double spaced

The reason you've been collecting all the information on titles, authors, and publication stuff is to make the entries in the List. These entries are called references. Each reference has to be formatted a certain way, so that readers know which part is which. Here are the basic formats for how to format your references:

BOOK - Format

Author's Name. Book Title. City: Publisher, Year. Format information.

BOOK - Examples

Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass : an American slave. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press, 1967. Print.

Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: an American Slave. Boston: Anti-Slavery Office, 1845. Documenting
       the American South
. Web 18 May 2010.

ARTICLE - Format 1: Journal

Author's Name. "Article Title." Journal Title ## (Year): pages. Format information.

Article - Format 2: Magazine/News

Author's Name. "Article Title." Magazine Title date: pages. Format information.

ARTICLE - Examples

Bloch, Serge. "What Kind of Gadget Are You?" GQ - Gentlemen's Quarterly Apr. 2010: 85. Academic OneFile. Web. 18 May 2010.

McMurtrie, Beth. "N. C. A&T Students Looking to Bring Back "Aggie Pride." Greensboro News & Record 16 Apr. 1998: B1. Print.

Sanchez-Hucles, Janis V.and Donald D. Davis. "Women and Women of Color in Leadership: Complexity, identity, and
       intersectionality." American Psychologist 65.3 (2010): 171-81. Academic Search Complete. Web. 18 May 2010.


Author's Name. "Chapter Title." Book Title. City: Publisher, Year. Format information.


Smiley, Tavis. "Introduction." Covenant with Black America. Chicago: Third World Press, 2006. Print.

WEB SITES - Format

Author information. "Title." Website Title. Publisher or website sponsor. Updated date. Format. Access date.

WEB SITES - Examples

Billante, Jill and Chuck Hadad. “Study: White and black children biased toward lighter skin.” Cable News Network, 14
      May 2010. Web. 18 May 2010.

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. "NAACP - History." NAAPC | National Association for the Advancement
       of Colored People
. NAACP, n.d. Web. 18 May 2010.

(Modern Language Association 126-212)

Our "Works Cited"

Works Cited

Modern Language Association. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed. New York: Modern Language
      Association of America, 2009.