While you are writing your paper, you only need the author and sometimes the page number to give credit as you write.
We use a few specific vocabulary words for this that are important:
An important thing to keep in mind while writing in-text citations is that they will lead to things in the List of Works Cited at the end. So every in-text citation has to clearly refer to the first few words in an entry in the List of Works Cited.
For in-text citations, it doesn't matter what kind of source it is. The Author is the most important thing to include. If the citation refers to a specific page (which direct quotes always do, but paraphrases may or may not), then it also needs a page number. For items without pages, if needed then paragraph numbers may be used instead with the preface "para."
Examples of parenthetical citations:
"The great affair, we always find, is to get money" (Smith 558).
As economist Adam Smith said, "The great affair, we always find, is to get money" (558).
Making money is always a big deal (Smith 558).