In "The Social Construction of Black Feminist Thought", Patricia Hill Collins argued that black feminist thought centered on both race and gender and grew out of black communities as opposed to the white feminist movement. This article was significant in that unlike previous work that may have described a resistant stream in the thought and actions of African American women, it named it as such, and identified such thought and actions as a feminist consciousness. Noliwe Rooks essay: On This They Stand: An Overview of Black Women's Studies. Black Studies Center Database, F.D. Bluford Library, Greensboro, NC. Accessessed July 23, 2009.
Collins, Patricia Hill. "Some Groups Matter: Intersec-tionality, Situated Standpoints, and Black Feminist Thought." Fighting Words: Black Women and the Search for Justice. University of Minnesota Press, 1998: 201–228.