Welcome to this guide on Early Literacy Learning. It is designed for those who are preparing to teach the youngest people in our society, children ages 0-5 years.
It is my hope that you will find useful information and resources to help your preschool student excel in pre-reading, language, pre-writing and many more areas of their literacy development.
Early Literacy Disparities
- By 3 years of age, there is a significant word gap between children from the wealthiest and poorest families (RIF 2003).
- Nationally, 34 percent of children entering kindergarten lack the basic language skills needed to learn how to read (RIF 2003).
- Hispanic children are less likely than their White or Black counterparts to recognize the letters of the alphabet (Child Trends 2015).
What is Early Literacy
"Early Literacy is what young children know about reading and writing before they can actually read and write".
Six Essential Early Literacy Skills
Print Motivation is the interest and motivation a child develops as they are exposed to positive experiences with various reading materials.
Print Awareness refers to a childs progressive understanding that letters and words are distinct elements of oral and written communication.
Letter Recognition refers to the ability to recognize, identify and verbally recite the names and sounds of the alphabet.
Phonological Awareness is an individuals awareness of the phonological structure or sound structure of words.
Narrative Skills refers to a childs ability to describe things or retelling a story or event in order.
Vocabulary is knowing and recognizing the names of things.
Benefits of Early Literacy
According to National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), children who were read to frequently are more likely to:
- count to 20, or higher than those who were not (60% vs. 44%)
- write their own names (54% vs. 40%)
- read or pretend to read (77% vs. 57%)